Newborn baby becomes part of the family after their birth. They are called as an infant as in Latin infant means “unable to speak”. The synonym used for an infant is baby. The infant word used for the baby up to one year. Pediatrician Tells You About nutritional needs for infants. Let’s know the Baby food for 0 to 12 months.
Infants crying are the way for their instinctive communication. An infant when crying trying to express their feeling which includes hunger, any discomfort, any kind overstimulation, boredom, loneliness and if they want anything.
Feeding for infants until six months only breastfeeding is recommended by major infant health organizations. Instead of breastfeeding for newborn infants when breastfeeding is not desired or not possible, bottle feeding is the only method with expressed breast milk or with infant formula.
Best food plan or formula for your infant and baby food for 0 to 12 months.
This infant formula has many names such as baby formula, just formula, baby milk, infant milk, or first milk. The U.S Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act has defined the infant formula as something which is represented as special dietary used solely for infants for feeding food which is a substitute for human milk for infants.
This infant formula is designed based on human milk which is given approximately one to three months after delivery. Infant formula has different nutrient content. Most commonly used for preparing the infant formula is-
- Cow’s milk whey
- Casein is a protein source
- Blend of vegetable oils as a source of fat
- Lactose as a source for carbohydrate
- vitamin and minerals mixture
- Other ingredients which are added by the manufacturing company
Some of the infant formulae use soya bean in place of cow’s milk as a source of protein. This is mostly used in the United States and Britain and those infants who are allergic to the protein, for them hydrolyzed protein into its component amino acids are given to the infants.
According to the World Health Organization, infant formula which is prepared according to applicable Codex Alimentarius standards recommended safe for the infants as a substitute for breastfeeding.
When and why we should give infant formula to a newborn baby
Infant formula is given in those cases where the doctor has medically contraindicated the breast milk. These conditions are: –
- If the mother is medically not fit or is under treatment, taking any drug, if the mother is having breast surgery in the past or if the mother is taking any of drug which can harm the infant or if the mother is under treatment for cancer or under chemotherapy.
- If the infant is unable to breastfeed.
- When the infant is under the risk of malnutrition.
- Infant-mother is not present for breastfeeding.
- Mother’s milk is not enough for an infant.
- Mother is not trained and educated for breastfeeding.
- If the infant is allergic to the food products eaten by the mother.
Variations in infant formula
Infant formula comes in powder form, liquid concentrate form and ready to feed form. Infant formula comes in many variations like: –
- Cow’s milk formula
- Soy protein-based formula
- Protein hydrolysate formula
- Specialized formula
It is important to measure powder or concentrate accurately to form the final product for the infant, otherwise, the infant can suffer from malnutrition.
The equipment which is used for the preparation for the infant formula should be cleaned and sterilized every time when used to prevent infection.
Most essential nutrient content which should be present in infant formula
According to the Food and Drug Administration, the following should be present in infant formula (Baby food for 0 to 12 months) based on recommendation of American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition which includes- carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins (A, C, D, E, K, B1, B2, B6, and B12), folic acid, niacin, calcium, phosphorus, iodine, sodium chloride, potassium chloride, minerals (iron, zinc, magnesium, manganese, and copper), linoleic acid and pantothenic acid.
Health risk for infants consuming infant formula
In developed countries, studies have shown that infants who are on infant formula are more prone to health risk which includes-
- Low Respiratory Tract infection
- Acute otitis media
- Atopic dermatitis
- Diabetes mellitus (type 1 and 2)
- Sudden infant death syndrome
Essential food plan for your baby from 6 months to 12 months.
Parents should monitor their baby when they are eating foods, if possible, cut the food items in small pieces so that it should not choke in the throat of your child. Also, you must supervise your child to know whether your child is allergic to some food items or not.
Your baby after six months starts tasting other food items and their taste buds become active. How much your baby will eat depend upon your baby itself because every baby in this world is different. Their capacity to eat get differs day by day. Some day they will eat more while another day they will eat less. Even your baby can eat more or less than other babies.
It’s upon you to understand your baby when they are hungry and when they are full after eating. It’s all upon you what you are offering your baby to eat whether they like or dislike the food. While giving another food item, breastfeeding is the natural way to feed your baby when they are hungry as it contains the entire necessary nutrient for the baby.
After six months your baby is growing faster for which they need a lot of energy, nutrients, to grow healthy smart and strong.
Your baby is small so as the stomach is also very small, they need small quantity soft nutritious food but frequently in a whole day.
When your baby is 6-month-old
Breast milk is recommended for your baby which fulfills the entire essential nutrient, but this is not enough for your baby now. So, to fulfill the requirement you need to introduce the solid foods to your baby with breast milk for their growth and development.
Your baby from this month starts learning to chew so the first food you should introduce must be soft so that they can easily swallow. You should give porridge or mashed fruits and vegetables.
For mothers, they should know when to feed their babies. Your baby will show the sign of hungry like putting their hands into their mouth. Mother before feeding should wash their hands properly then start giving two to three spoons full of solid food which should be given two to three times a day.
This new taste is like a surprise for your baby so make new delicious food for your baby. But remember that your baby’s stomach is small so don’t force your baby to eat more. As the age of your baby grows their stomach size will increase and their appetite will also increase.
When your baby is 6 to 8-month-old
You must feed your baby with a half cup of solid food at least three times a day. You can also give a healthy snack to your baby which includes mashed fruit and vegetables in between the meals. In lunch, you can give mashed vegetable or well-cooked chopped egg along with breast milk.
In dinner, you can give cereals mixed with milk, infant formula, or cooked vegetables which include carrots, broccoli and cooked pieces of soft green beans. At bedtime breast milk or infant formula should be given.
As your baby is growing fast and start eating other food items, breastfeeding for the baby should be continued for the baby.
When your baby is 9 to 11 months old
Your baby is now grown up to that stage where he/she can start eating by them by putting their fingers in their mouths. During this time your baby can eat half a cup of food at least four times a day.
Now you can start giving healthy snacks to your baby include cereals mixed with milk, fruits, yogurt, unsalted cottage cheese or grated cheese and breast milk.
In morning snacks, you can give bread or chapattis to your baby. But you should continue with the breast milk whenever your baby feels hungry.
Whatever you are giving your baby to eat should be easy to eat and must be packed with nutrients and energy. Along with the grains, start giving your baby other food items includes
- Fruits include chopped banana, mango, quartered grapes or a ripe peach
- legumes and seeds
- Vegetables include soft-cooked green beans, carrots, broccoli, cauliflower, and okra.
- Fat which includes animal food
- Dairy products
These should be given every day to your baby so that your baby gets all the nutrients that are required for healthy growth and development.
If your baby is refusing to eat the food then don’t force to eat, might be he/she doesn’t like the taste. Try to mix that food with other food to make it delicious for your baby.
Guardians should screen their infant when they are eating nourishments (Baby food for 0 to 12 months.), if conceivable, cut the nourishment things in little pieces with the goal that it ought not to stifle in the throat of your kid. Additionally, you should regulate your youngster to know whether your kid is adversely affected by some nourishment things or not.
When your baby is 12-month-old, start giving a variety of iron-rich foods every day for their development. At this age, your baby will become a member of your family meals. But remember that every baby is different so their learning to chew solid food will also differ. Don’t force or pressure your baby to eat what they don’t like.
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