Erectile Dysfunction – Causes, Treatment, and Diet

Erectile Dysfunction - Causes, Treatment and Diet

Erectile Dysfunction – Causes, Treatment, and Diet. The male sexual organ is responsible for human production. The male sexual organ consists of a penis and testicle. The testicle is accountable for the production of semen and sperm during sexual intercourse, which fertilizes the ovum for the development of the fetus, which later on born as an infant.

Today erectile dysfunction has become common in men. About 4 in every ten men have erectile dysfunction. But most of the men don’t like to share their problems with their doctor due to shame feeling. As a result, their problem gets aggravated.

These patients need medication with counselling as a part of their treatment. These patients need to understand what erectile dysfunction is and how it can be a cure.

Erectile dysfunction or impotence what it exactly means?

Erectile Dysfunction - Causes, Treatment and Diet

Impotence or Erectile dysfunction is the same. In erectile dysfunction, the male is not able to get and keep erectile firm during the intercourse.

The person who is having an erection problem that occurs from time to time is not the issue for concern, but if this problem is going on continue, then it should be taken under consideration. As it can cause stress, lack of self-confidence and relationship with their partner can be disturbed.

Not only this, it has seen that a person with erectile dysfunction has some health issues which require treatment or the person suffering from heart disease.

Not all male sexual problems are due to erectile dysfunction. Other are:-

  • Lack of interest in intercourse
  • Delayed ejaculation
  • Premature ejaculation

Let’s see what is Erectile Dysfunction – Causes, Treatment, and Diet.

Causes of erectile dysfunction:-

Erectile Dysfunction - Causes, Treatment and Diet

Several factors are responsible for erectile dysfunction, which include both physical and emotional reasons. Here are some of the reasons:-

  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Drugs intake
  • Increased age 
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Disturbed relationship
  • Depression 
  • Poor communication and concentration
  • Overweight (obesity)
  • Heart diseases
  • Injury to the genital
  • Cancer
  • Surgery
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertension
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Parkinson disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Excessive tobacco use
  • Sleep disorder
  • Enlarged prostate or under treatment for prostate enlargement
  • Damage to the spinal cord

Psychological causes play a leading role along with the physical condition for erectile dysfunction. As our brain regulates the physiological function of the body, which triggers the event for erectile dysfunction, which starts with increased sexual desire.

Psychological causes interfere with sexual desires, which therefore cause erectile dysfunction. These causes include depression, stress, anxiety, and lack of self-confidence.

Risk factors which are responsible for erectile dysfunction:-

Erectile Dysfunction - Causes, Treatment and Diet

These are risk factors that are taken into consideration for erectile dysfunction.

  • Injuries to the nerves, spinal cord or arteries which controls the erectile dysfunction.
  • People taking drugs especially when taken for the long term.
  • Most of the alcohol addicts. 
  • Those who are taking medicines like an antidepressant, antihistamines, medicines for high blood pressure, enlarged prostate.
  • People under chemotherapy for cancer.
  • Medical conditions include heart disease or diabetes mellitus.
  • Those who are obese.
  • Those who take tobacco from the long term as it decreases the flow of blood through veins and arteries, which results in erectile dysfunction.
  • Psychological factors include depression, stress etc.

Symptoms for erectile dysfunction:-

Symptoms which include for erectile dysfunction are:-

  • Decreased sexual desire
  • Trouble keeping erection
  • Trouble getting an erection

If you are facing any of the above symptoms from two to three months, then you should consult your doctor. Your doctor will find the cause for your problem, whether it is due to any physical condition, and will start the treatment accordingly.

What is the physiology of erection?

Erection results due to the increased flow of blood to the penis. This increased blood flow is stimulated when the person has any sexual thoughts or if there is direct contact with the penis. When the person is in the stage of sexual excitement, it results in the relaxation of the muscles of the penis.

This relaxation of the muscles allows the increased blood flow in the arteries of the penis, which get filled in the two chambers in the penis known as corpora cavernosa. As the rooms get filled with blood, it results as a rigid penis. 

Erection starts when the muscle contraction starts and ends when the blood which was collected starts flowing out through the veins of the penis.

Diagnosis for erectile dysfunction:-

Erectile Dysfunction - Causes, Treatment and Diet

For diagnosing erectile dysfunction, your doctor will ask you a specific question related to the symptoms which you are having and the problem if you have any health-related issues.

Your doctor can even advise you for a particular test for the confirming of any physical health issue, which can be the reason for erectile dysfunction.

Diagnosis of the patient also include the physical examination which includes-

  • Scan of chest- heart, and lungs
  • Blood pressure
  • Temperature
  • Respiratory rate
  • Examination of penis and scrotum
  • Rectal exam for enlarged prostate

Other investigations include blood tests and urine- routine and microscopic examination.

NPT test (Nocturnal Penile tumescence)

This test is done in the patient to evaluate the quality of nocturnal emissions, and the semen is stored so the doctor can access the stored sperm further.

This test is done to know whether the normal function of the penis is present or not and to understand the cause of erectile dysfunction. In this test, the patient has to wear a portable battery-powered device in their thigh while they are going to sleep to collect the nocturnal emission.

Nocturnal emissions are the erection that occurs during the night while the patient is sleeping and is the normal physiological function of the body.

When do you need to consult your doctor?

  • If you are having premature or delayed ejaculations or any other sexual problem, which results in an erection problem.
  • If you are patient of diabetes mellitus or heart disease or any other health-related issues, which causes erectile dysfunction.

Complications of erectile dysfunction:-

  • Lack of self-esteem (self-confidence)
  • Inability to get pregnant to your partner.
  • Unsatisfactory sexual life
  • Stress or anxiety
  • Disturbed relations

Treatment for erectile dysfunction:-

For treating erectile dysfunction, the underlying cause should be known according to which the procedure will be started.

Another method of treatment includes:-

  • Meditation
  • Change in lifestyle
  • Talk therapy
  • Another method


Medicines are given to the patient to manage the symptoms of erectile dysfunction. For this, you have to try medicines for erectile dysfunction, and you have to find out which is going to work. After taking the medicines, if you are experiencing any kind of unpleasant or any kind of side effects, consult your doctor as soon as possible. They will change your medication for a good result. 

The medicines which are given to increase the blood flow to the penis are:-

  • Vardenafil (Levitra)
  • Tadalafil (Cialis)
  • Testosterone (Androderm)
  • Sildenafil (Viagra)
  • Alprostadil (Caverject)

Natural herbs and remedies for treating erectile dysfunction:-

Most of the patients prefer to take natural medicines or herbs for treating erectile dysfunction instead of taking allopathic as allopathic medicines produce other side effects. But before using any natural herbs, you should be cautious about the products. Also, ask your doctor before taking any supplements or natural remedies. 

These natural herbs include:-

  • Ginseng
  • L-arginine
  • DHEA
  • Yohimbe
  • Asparagus racemosus

Talk therapy for erectile dysfunction:-

If the cause for erectile dysfunction is the psychological origin, then talk therapy will give the result. Talk therapy will help you to manage your mental symptoms like depression, stress, anxiety, etc. 

For talk therapy, the patient has to go under many sessions till he feels competent and confident, and the therapist will see whether the psychological factors which are affecting the sexual arousal are now not present in the patient.

If erectile dysfunction is disturbing your married life, then the patient should speak to the relationship counsellor as they will help the patient to get emotionally attached to their partner, which further improves the erectile dysfunction.

More effective methods to treat erectile dysfunction:-

These include:-

  • Prostatic massage
  • Yoga
  • Acupuncture
  • Pelvic floor muscle exercises

Change in lifestyle:-

Change in lifestyle helps in preventing erectile dysfunction. It includes:-

  • Reduce stress
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid tobacco
  • Regular exercise
  • Maintain normal blood pressure
  • Maintain weight
  • Eat a healthy diet

A diet which helps in preventing erectile dysfunction:-

Here are some foods and vegetables which help in boosting the sexual function and prevent erectile dysfunction.

  • Watermelon
  • Oysters
  • Coffee
  • Dark chocolate
  • Nuts
  • Juices- grapes and pomegranate
  • Garlic
  • Fish
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Peppers
  • Olive oil

Final words

Patients with erectile dysfunction always ask their doctor whether it is reversible or not. Erectile dysfunction is a widespread problem now a day’s which has many causes. Treating underlying causes with medication will help to overcome the symptoms of erectile dysfunction.

Today there are specific devices available that help in temporarily managing erectile dysfunction so that they can get involved in sexual intercourse like erectile dysfunction pump or erectile dysfunction ring.

The patient should discuss their problem with the doctor so that the doctor can rule out the underlying cause for erectile dysfunction, and treatment can be started as soon as possible.

Please write your thoughts on this article in a comment below “Erectile Dysfunction – Causes, Treatment, and Diet”

You may also like to read

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.