Prostate Cancer – Prevention, Food, Supplements, and Massage. Carcinoma of the prostate is the most common malignant tumour in men over the age of 65 years. The recurrence for the kind and harmful changes in the prostate increments with age and which may bring about prostate disease.
The high prevalence of these diseases in an elderly population with competing causes of morbidity and mortality mandates a risk-adapted approach to diagnosis and treatment. This can be accomplished by thinking about these illnesses as a progression of states.
Each state speaks to a particular clinical achievement for which intervention(s) might be prescribed depending on the nearness of danger of creating indications or demise from sickness in a given time allotment.
For kind proliferative issue, indications of urinary recurrence, disease, and potential for the block are weighed against the symptoms and inconveniences of restorative or careful treatment.
For prostate malignancies, the danger of building up the malady, side effects, or passing from the disease are adjusted against the morbidities of mediations suggested and prior co grim conditions.
Where the prostate does locate in the body?
The prostate is situated in the pelvis and is encompassed by the rectum, the bladder, the periprostatic and dorsal vein edifices that are answerable for erectile capacity, and the urinary sphincter that is liable for latent urinary control.
Causes of prostate cancer: –
The exact cause of prostate cancer is still not clear. According to the research and doctor’s prostate cancer starts when cells of prostate become abnormal.
This abnormality is shown in the form of mutation in the DNA of abnormal cells, which results in the proliferation of the abnormal cells, and these cells increase in number rapidly as compared with normal cells.
These abnormal cells continue to grow until they replace all the healthy functioning cells.
The growth of these abnormal cells thus forms the tumour, which invades the nearby tissue. Some of the cells get transferred from one place to another via blood and affect another healthy organ. This process is known as metastasis.
Risk factors for prostate cancer: –
The following are the factors that increase the risk of developing prostate cancer.
As the age of the men increases the risk of developing prostate cancer increases. It is seen that the risk of developing cancer is seen in the male more than 40 years of age. Even the changes in the DNA of the cells in the prostate are seen in the male who is above the age of 55.
It is seen that African American men have a high incidence of developing prostate cancer. The reason behind this is still unknown, but still, it is considered due to socioeconomic, environmental, and their diet with other factors.
But it is seen that one in every six African American men has prostate cancer at an earlier age. Even they are more likely to suffer from aggressive tumours that grow and spread quickly and result in death.
Family history: –
A family history of prostate cancer is considered very important. Positive family history for prostate cancer in the family increases the risk of getting prostate cancer to the men in the future.
If any of the male member father, son, or brother diagnosed with prostate cancer, then the men are having two to three times more likely to develop the disease. Along with this, age is also considered when family history is asked.
A person who are obese are more likely to suffer from prostate cancer with other advanced diseases, which are very difficult to cure.
Studies have shown that those who are chronic and heavy smokers have double risk of developing prostate cancer, and chances of death also increased. While if they quit smoking within ten years, then the risk of developing cancer decreases than non-smokers.
Diet and lifestyle also play a major role in developing prostate cancer. Still, it is not clear how it causes, but if you are eating high calorie, refined sugar, animal fat, and eat less amount of fruits and vegetables, than the chances of developing cancer get increased.
Prostate cancer prevention food supplements and massage.
The symptom of prostate cancer: –
In the early stage, prostate cancer will not show any of the sign and symptoms. As the stage progress, the sign and symptoms are seen.
- Difficulty in urination
- Frequent urination
- Decreased force in passing the urine with burning
- Blood in semen
- Erectile dysfunction
- Discomfort or pain in the pelvic area
- Lower back pain, thighs, and hip
- Pain in bone
- Loss of weight
- Loss of appetite
- Renal failure
Complications of prostate cancer: –
Spread of cancer from the diseased part to the healthy part of the body is known as metastasis. Prostate cancer can easily spread to the organ urinary bladder and bones via the blood and lymphatic system. Once it gets spread, cancer cannot be cured, but the patient will still respond to the medications.
Erectile dysfunction: –
Erectile dysfunction is also one of the complications of prostate cancer or treatment for it, which includes surgery, chemotherapy, and medications. Read a comprehensive guide on Erectile dysfunction. Click here.
Urine incontinence: –
Urine incontinence is caused by prostate cancer and its treatment. Treatment for urine incontinence depends upon how you gave symptoms to your doctor. Medications are given to correct it, and other methods include catheterization and surgery.
Diagnosis of prostate cancer: –
Diagnosis is made by screening and TNM staging.
Screening for prostate cancer: – The cancer detection rate using the measurement of PSA is between 2 and 4 %, and approximately 30 % of men with an elevated PSA will have prostate cancer confirmed by biopsy.
Unfortunately, 20 % of men with clinically significant prostate cancer will have PSA values within the normal range.
One of the two recent prospective screening trials (the other was inconclusive due to contamination) suggests that screening with PSA does prevent death due to prostate cancer, but that a lot of men must be screened and treated to prevent prostate cancer.
Staging using tumour, node, and metastasis (TNM) system: –
This depends on the stage and grade of disease: –
T1 and T2-
The progression rate of well-differentiated T1a prostate cancer is very low: 10–14 % after eight years. For moderately differentiated tumours, the rate is about 20 % For T1b and T2 tumours, the rate is in excess of 35 %.
T3 and T4 (MO)-
About 50% progress to bony metastases after 3–5 years
The median survival of men with metastatic disease is about three years.
Other investigations which help in diagnosing prostate cancer include: –
- Rectal examination
- Liver function test
- Prostatic biopsy
- General blood test
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
- Acid phosphatase
- Radiological examination
- Bone scan
Treatment of prostate cancer: –
Treatment options for prostate cancer depend on the stage of the disease, the life expectancy of the patient, and patient preference. PSA, DRE, and biopsy Gleason grade are used to predict pathological stage.
Localized cancer can be treated by radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, and active monitoring. Treatment of the advanced disease is palliative, and hormone ablation remains the first-line therapy.
Prevention of prostate cancer: –
Prevention for prostate cancer can be done by: –
Foods which helps in preventing prostate cancer: –
- Tomatoes and other red food items
- Alfalfa sprouts
- Green tea
- Drinking four to five cups of coffee
- Plant-based fat like olive oil, fruits, vegetables, nuts
- Fish and omega- 3- tuna, sardines, salmon, trout
Supplements which helps in reducing prostate cancer: –
- Green tea
- Modified citrus pectin
- Vitamin D
- Vitamin E
- Therapies in combination
- Other supplements
Prostate massage for prostate cancer: –
Prostate massage is very similar to DRE (digital rectal examination). In prostate massage, the doctor will massage the prostate along with checking out any abnormality like a lump or any kind of irregularities in between the fingers.
The main aim of doing prostate massage is for the drainage of the liquid, which takes a longer time. Along with this doctor during massage also check out any other changes which can produce any health issue.
Specialist for the prostate back rub wears the greased up gloves and supplement the finger in the rectum and presses the prostate from close by sides. If there is any infection and the fluid which comes out during massage is used for further study, and this draining of fluid during prostate massage also gives relief in symptoms to the patient.
There are even other ways which help in preventing prostate cancer. One of which is doing exercise, especially for those who are obese person. They should indulge themselves in doing swimming, walking, running, and cycling.
This will help them in reducing the weight and maintain the metabolism of their body and increases the muscle tone. Along with this, the patient should ask about the disease, its risk factors, prognosis, etc. The patient should tell everything related to his problem to the doctor, which helps the doctor to rule out the diseases.
This is very important for the patient to talk to their doctor and give every information regarding their medical history and history. Talking with a doctor will also help patients to know the risk of developing prostate cancer. I hope Article Prostate Cancer – Prevention, Food, Supplements, and Massage will help you to understand prostate cancer.
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