With the advancement of technology, the medicinal branch is also expanding day by day. One of which is telemedicine which provides patients to consult their doctors when they are far from them. Telemedicine – You Don’t Need To Go To Doctor. These do not only help the patients to contact their doctor but also saves time for the busy working person.
During COVID-19 pandemic disease, most of the people, as well as doctors, prefer telemedicine so that they avoid contacts. Through contact, chances of spreading of infection is high.
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What is Telemedicine?
Telemedicine refers to taking care of the patient remotely and providing all the necessary guidance for their treatment. In telemedicine patient as well as a doctor is not physically present in front of themselves.
Telemedicine word was first coined in 1950, which means healing of patients from a distance since that time advancement had made in this field for the betterment of telemedicine.
Through telemedicine, physicians and patients can interact with each other with the help of phone calls via audio and video calls. The patient can take the doctor’s advice in non-emergency medical cases in which there is no requirement for the doctor to see the patient. So, Telemedicine – You Don’t Need To Go To Doctor.
Telemedicine is said to be good nowadays during lockdown due to COVID-19, but it cannot replace the importance of face to face interaction between doctor and patient. Though video calls are now available to face to face interaction has its importance.
To maintain social distancing and to avoid contact, telemedicine has now become widespread. The concept of telemedicine was ancient in the late nineteenth century. Previously people use to send messages through torches, optical telegraphy, and others.
Earlier people use the form of telemedicine with telephone or radio which is now added with video telephony and advanced diagnostic support.
What is Telehealth?
The digital information and communication technologies are used in telehealth, to interact with the patient. To provide health care services remotely and for managing their health care. Communication technologies include mobile phones, tablets, and computers.
Health care services in telehealth can be provided by medical services, including pharmacists and nurses. Telehealth, in other words, including the works like preventative of any disease, promotion of any medicine and provides curative care at your home. Telehealth includes non-clinical services like:-
- Giving training
- Administrative work including meeting
- Continuation of medical education
Method and delivery:-
To access the telehealth on should have broadband with a reliable internet connection so that computers and mobile devices can be connected and operated without disturbances.
Here are some examples of telehealth to understand what telehealth mean:-
Suppose any of the people are suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus. How health cares help for them:-
- By providing knowledge for food logs, how to take medications, and how to measure their blood sugar level by using mobile devices or by uploading their required information.
- Uploading the video on how to cut carbohydrates from your diet.
- Downloading the app on mobile or computer where the person can quickly contact or can send a message for their queries.
- providing a diet chart exercises to control blood sugar, and the taken quantity of insulin. The installed app can show all data.
- Patients can ask any queries on the online portal. Thats why it is a Telemedicine – You Don’t Need To Go To Doctor. They can even see the result of their blood test.
- Even you can order medicines and book an appointment for the tests.
- You can book an appointment to meet the doctor.
- Reminders are also available for emails, text, or others.
- When it comes to delivery they use following methods:-
Store and forward:-
The name itself gives the meaning, this method of telemedicine involves the receiving of the medical data like images or videos which can be sent to the doctor or any medical specialist at any convenient time.
Here the presence of a doctor/ medical specialist is not required with the patient. You can send your reports, medical images, and videos, etc.
Remote monitoring of the patient:-
Through this method, the patient takes the routine check-up like measuring blood pressure with the permission of health providers to monitor the reading with technological devices without leaving homes.
This method is mostly adopted by patients of heart diseases, joint diseases, diabetic patients, or asthmatic patients. This method is cost-effective, and so it can be done quickly.
Interaction with the patient:-
This method is done by telephone or video conferencing. The patient and the doctor communicate with each other in real-time. Through this method, the doctor can take a full patient history, can perform psychiatric evaluation and various other ways to interact with the patient.
Video call using a mobile phone:-
This method requires a mobile phone with a reliable internet connection as both patients and doctors communicate with each other through video as well as an audio voice in real-time. Patients can also share images at the same time.
Currently, this technology is used for the patients who are deaf or having speech-impairment or for those who can understand the sign languages or those who have mobility issues or for those who are far and cannot meet their doctors.
Categories of telemedicine’s:-
Today there are many categories of telemedicine according to the specialization like:-
- Teletrauma care
- Other specialist care
Benefits of Telemedicine:-
Telemedicine is one of the examples in the advancement of the medical field. Through telemedicine patients with providers get benefits in this way:-
Profit for the patient:-
Telemedicine takes less time as compared with face to face appointments. As a result, it is time-saving. The patient can contact their doctor during their working time also.
Telemedicine saves the money of the patient as there is no need to travel to the clinic of the doctor.
Telemedicine provides full privacy when you contact your doctor. No third person can interfere in your conversation.
Telemedicine saves your time, and you can spend more time taking care of your child and other family members.
One of the essential advantages is that you are not coming into contact with other patients. During the time of COVID-19 where contacts are dangerous, telemedicine prevents from getting exposure to contagious diseases. Safety is primary.
Benefit for the provider:-
Due to an increase in the demand for telemedicine, there is increase income of the provider. They can use it for the betterment of the services.
Telemedicine provides the best office work without any error; as a result, it helps to improve efficiency in office work.
Healthcare workers, nurses, doctors use telemedicine. So it is effortless to reach them. They are there for your help. Advanced medical technology is bound to provide and ensure the best treatment for patients.
Electronic medical records, medical streaming devices, and Al diagnoses are used to give the patient the right diagnosis, so the treatment should not be wrong.
Telemedicine provides the doctor or healthcare to contact the patient in real-time so that they can monitor the patient and can start the treatment if it is necessary.
Even if the working staff is not enough, the doctor can see the patient alone with telemedicine.
How is telemedicine different from telehealth?
Telehealth is a combination of all modern medical technologies and health care services. The health care providers use these services for the betterment of the health of the patient. Telehealth includes remote non-clinical services which include:-
- Giving training
- Administrative meetings
- Medical education
Telehealth even provides clinical services also. Telehealth has a broader way of delivering remote clinical services to the patients. According to the WHO, telehealth helps in health promotion and provides public health awareness for health.
In telemedicine, it provides the clinical services to the patient through telecommunication, electronic communication, or from any software so that they can contact the patient without physically present.
Telemedicine is also used by the patient and doctors to give the follow-up of the treatment even without meeting.
In telemedicine, patients can contact the doctor via video or audio connection where they can discuss for their diseases and can get their proper treatment.
Today specialist doctors provide telecommunication for their patients who are very far from their doctor so that they can get their treatment. Today telemedicine has become necessary in the growing field of medical and providing healthcare.
For those people who are using telemedicine first time, many questions arise in their minds like it is safe to use telemedicine? Yes, telemedicine is secure. Telemedicine – You Don’t Need To Go To Doctor. Your privacy is also reliable. There is no difficulty, and it is effortless to use telemedicine just you need a good internet connection if you want to do a video conferencing with the doctor.
For audio calls, you can use a mobile phone or a landline connection. Every field has its benefits and disadvantages. If telemedicine is used in the right way by the patient and the provider, it provides the best solution to the patient for delivering the treatment during this difficult time of COVID-19 pandemic disease.
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